Quick reference about ADA Signage
The guidelines and regulations for ADA-compliant signage may seem daunting, but if you keep a few simple “rules of thumb” in mind while designing your signs, it’s easy to create great looking signs that are fully compliant. Use this quick reference guide to point you in the right direction.
ADA requirements specify a size range for text height of 5/8 - 2 inches. Use this chart to help you determine how much text will fit on a sign.
For 5/8 inch letters (the most common size), you need to allow 2 inches of height per line of text,including the Braille translation below.For larger text sizes, allow 2 times the height of the characters, plus 1 inch per line of Braille.This is a general guideline; actual space needed may be more or less depending on the text.
Other Spacing Requirements:Pictograms:
You need a 6 inch high area for a pictogram. There are no rules regarding the actual height of the pictogram, but 4-4.5 inches is a good starting point.Braille: You need to leave a minimum of 3/8 inch clearance on all side of Braille.
Use simple, sans serif fonts, in a medium or bold weight. Do not use italics, scripts, or otherhard-to-read styles. For tactile signs, all text must be UPPERCASE. For visual only signs, such as directories, directional signs or overhead signs, you can use lowercase letters.
Braille Quick Reference
Text on tactile signs must be accompanied by Grade 2 Braille. Grade 2 is not a “letter for letter”translation of the text; it contains 265 contractions, single characters used to represent whole words or groups of letters. Accurate translation software is a must.
All Braille should be lowercase, except proper names (“Fred Jones”), letters which are part of a room number (“105A”), initials, acronyms or before the first word of sentences. Most translation software is case-sensitive so if you type your text as lowercase the Braille will be lowercase, and vice versa.
These are most of the regulations and standards you should be aware of. For more information, please do not hesitate to call us at 1-888-987-0999.
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